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CrisisWatch Database

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117 results found
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Bolivia

  |  1 May 2014

Unchanged

Clashes erupted late March-early April between govt and mining cooperatives over modifications to mining bill; at least 2 dead, scores more injured. About 1,000 soldiers went on strike 22-25 April demanding promotion opportunities; govt later dismissed 715 of them.

Bolivia

  |  1 Dec 2013

Unchanged

Govt’s long-awaited study on domestic coca use said legal demand 20,690 metric tons, requiring 14,705ha of cultivation; compared with current legal limit of 12,000ha, 20,000ha demanded by coca growers, 25,300ha under cultivation in 2012.

 

Bolivia

  |  1 Nov 2013

Unchanged

Parliament 3 Oct approved controversial law changing number of legislative seats awarded to departments, strengthening legislative presence of wealthier eastern department Santa Cruz with 3 additional seats; 3 other departments, Chuquisaca, Potosí and Beni, lost 1 each. 4 people killed in 19 Oct clash between drug eradication team and coca growers in Apolo municipality, La Paz department; details unclear, coca growers said “provoked”, interior minister blamed Peruvian drug-trafficking gangs.

Bolivia

  |  1 Aug 2013

Unchanged

Reports of significant drop in cocaine production in past year; authorities said 5,689ha of coca destroyed Jan-June 2013. Relations with U.S. and Europe deteriorated following 2 July grounding of President Morales’ plane in Austria on suspicion he was travelling with fugitive U.S. whistle-blower Edward Snowden.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jul 2013

Unchanged

Coca growers in Apolo municipality 1 June briefly detained 5 members of Joint Task Force undertaking coca eradication. Clashes related to eradication efforts continued, including highway blockages in Bautista Saavedra province that suspended transport to and from La Paz.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jun 2013

Unchanged
President Morales 1 May expelled U.S. Agency for International Development, accusing it of political interference with peasant unions and other social organisations and conspiring against govt. Constitutional Court late April ruled Morales can run for re-election in 2014 election.

Bolivia

  |  1 Feb 2013

Unchanged

President Morales early Jan secured re-admission into UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, obtained special dispensation clause on traditional local coca chewing. Ruling MAS party 20 Jan suffered electoral defeat in gubernatorial elections in opposition stronghold region Beni.

Bolivia

  |  30 Dec 2012

Unchanged

Controversial consultation process on construction of highway through indigenous territory TIPNIS concluded 7 Dec with 53 of 69 communities approving it; ombudsman Rolando Villena criticised process as “lacking support from communities”. President Morales 29 Dec signed decree nationalising 4 subsidiaries of Spanish-owned utility company Iberdrola.

Bolivia

  |  1 Nov 2012

Unchanged

President Morales 7 Oct signed contract to resume contested construction of road through indigenous territory TIPNIS, despite ongoing indigenous resistance.

Bolivia

  |  1 Oct 2012

Unchanged

Rival groups of miners clashed in La Paz 19 Sept over right to control part of nationalised mine in Colquiri, leaving 1 killed, 9 wounded.

Bolivia

  |  1 Sep 2012

Unchanged

Public prosecutor early Aug issued detention orders for indigenous leaders opposing construction of national highway through TIPNIS national park; UN Resident Representative Yoriko Yasukawa stated concern govt public consultation on construction “generating controversy and conflict” rather than dialogue.

Bolivia

  |  1 Aug 2012

Unchanged

Indigenous groups in Malku Khota protested against Canadian mining firm citing environmental concerns, seized 5 engineers; 1 killed, 12 injured in subsequent clashes with police; President Morales 10 July announced revocation of mining concession in move to end conflict.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jul 2012

Unchanged

Govt 27 June announced agreement with police rebels after violent protests over wages, working conditions. Army deployed 15 June following clashes between mining employees, cooperative mining workers in Colquiri.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jun 2012

Unchanged

Tensions over construction of national highway through TIPNIS national park continued; President Morales 10 May said highway will be constructed. Citizen Security Vice Minister Miguel Vásquez 16 May said national security threatened by 21,000 gang members, police corruption. Govt restored 6-hour workday following dialogue with Bolivarian Central Union, representing health workers protesting since 23 April against decree increasing workday to 8 hours.

Bolivia

  |  1 May 2012

Unchanged

Tensions over construction of national highway through TIPNIS national park continued; President Morales 10 April cancelled contract with Brazilian company Constructora-OAS because company suspended road construction; march opposing construction resumed 27 April; UN called on authorities and indigenous leaders to maintain climate of tolerance and peace. Miners protesting over pay 24 April clashed with police; public health workers, medical students also clashed with police during separate rally opposing presidential decree extending working hours.

Bolivia

  |  1 Apr 2012

Unchanged

2,300 soldiers deployed 17 March in La Paz, El Alto, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, to stop common crime following protests over murder of 2 journalists, demands for reinstatement of death penalty. Morales 18 March threatened to close U.S. embassy over alleged interference in country’s domestic affairs. Indigenous communities mid-March announced plans for ninth march April 20 to protest controversial highway construction through TIPNIS national park, pledged to resist govt-sponsored consultation process scheduled 10 May-10 June.

Bolivia

  |  1 Mar 2012

Unchanged

Conflict over controversial highway construction through TIPNIS National Park intensified early Feb as ruling Movement Towards Socialism (MAS) renewed campaign to determine project’s fate. Following allegations by opposition that President Morales uses politically subservient judges to remove elected opponents, UN 7 Feb called for transparency and due process; Morales 8 Feb responded that MAS does not engage in political persecution of opposition.

Bolivia

  |  1 Feb 2012

Unchanged

President Morales 23 Jan named 9 new ministers; 3 Jan appointed 56 judges, elected in Oct 2011 national ballot, to form country’s 4 highest courts. 4 killed 11 Jan in clashes between police and Yapacaní residents demanding mayor’s resignation. Protest march by supporters of highway construction, cancelled last Oct following widespread protest, through TIPNIS national park indigenous territory reached La Paz 30 Jan, clashed with police.

Bolivia

  |  2 Jan 2012

Unchanged

Following Sept-Oct indigenous protest, govt 4 Dec approved law prohibiting highway construction through indigenous territory in TIPNIS national park; coca growers and some indigenous groups organised pro-highway demonstrations 9, 17 Dec. Ernesto Suarez Sattori, opposition Governor of Beni, suspended 16 Dec on charges of corruption; Santa Cruz Governor denounced “systematic annihilation” of opposition.

Bolivia

  |  1 Dec 2011

Unchanged

After 3 years of frozen diplomatic relations, Bolivia and U.S. 7 Nov agreed on framework document setting out principles for future relations; does not specify time frame for return of ambassadors; President Morales ruled out return of U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.



Bolivia

  |  1 Nov 2011

Unchanged

Following late Sept violent police crackdown on indigenous protest against highway construction through indigenous territory and national park, groups resumed protest march 1 Oct, 19 Oct reached La Paz; President Morales 21 Oct announced road would not be built, 25 Oct signed law prohibiting highway construction through territory. In country’s first ever judicial elections 16 Oct, estimated 60% of voters spoilt or left blank their ballots after opposition call for boycott, alleged biased pre-selection process; observers claim major defeat for Morales.



Bolivia

  |  1 Oct 2011

Deteriorated

After weeks of protests against highway construction through indigenous territory and national park, tensions rose following 25 Sept clash as police forcibly dispersed protesters, resulting in several wounded, 1 child allegedly dead, hundreds detained. Interior, defence ministers resigned; attorney general’s office announced investigation against former interior minister. President Morales 26 Sept suspended construction, condemned police action, proposed referendum in affected regions on road. Nationwide anti-govt protests and strikes 27, 28 Sept, indigenous groups said will resume protest march on La Paz 1 Oct. OHCHR 29 Sept condemned “excessive and indiscriminate force” against protesters.

Bolivia

  |  1 Sep 2011

Unchanged

Series of anti-govt protests from groups traditionally considered ruling MAS party’s support base: indigenous organisations Cidob and Conamaq 15 Aug began protest to block plans to build highway through indigenous territory and national park, among other requests. President Morales accused U.S. of instigating protest; negotiations with govt so far unsuccessful.

Bolivia

  |  1 Aug 2011

Unchanged

Govt 17 July announced drug police had destroyed some 230 cocaine processing labs in eastern Santa Cruz department; 5 July announced increased anti-drugs cooperation with Brazil.  Several opposition parties 21 July said they will campaign for blank vote in Oct judicial elections they claim ruling MAS party will manipulate.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jul 2011

Unchanged

Pre-candidate registration for Oct judiciary elections ended 12 June, parliament to select final 126 candidates to stand in election; opposition claimed ruling MAS party will use parliamentary majority to ensure selection of its own candidates. Govt 22 June withdrew from UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs to protest penalisation of chewing coca leaves.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jun 2011

Unchanged

Court 16 May placed Beni department governor Ernesto Suárez (opposition) under house arrest due to corruption charges, but did not suspend him from carrying out duties as governor. Beni, Santa Cruz only remaining opposition-controlled departments following Dec flight to Paraguay of former Tarija governor Mario Cossío to escape corruption charges. Parliament 6 May approved law making Bolivia world’s first country to popularly elect judges for Supreme, Constitutional Courts.

Bolivia

  |  1 May 2011

Unchanged

Labour protests continued: 2 weeks’ of large-scale street demonstrations, strikes, road blocks ended 18 Apr after govt and main umbrella union COB reached agreement to raise health and education wages by 11%. Govt 19 Apr announced will accept U.S. aid to verify destruction of coca plantations along border with Brazil.

Bolivia

  |  1 Apr 2011

Unchanged

Following weeks of social unrest due to rising food and fuel prices, govt 2 March reached deal with main umbrella union COB, passed decree raising minimum wage by 20%. President Morales 11 March dismissed national police chief for allowing corruption in police force; followed late Feb high-profile arrest of police general in Panama for drug trafficking.

Bolivia

  |  1 Mar 2011

Unchanged

Large-scale protests over food shortages, rising prices continued; President Morales 15 Feb reshuffled cabinet for second time in 5 weeks in response.

Bolivia

  |  1 Feb 2011

Unchanged

11 Jan report from govt ombudsman highly critical of justice system: 70% of prisoners yet to receive formal charges, many lack access to lawyers; govt rejected report. Mario Cossío, suspended Tarija governor who fled country in Dec after govt launched corruption charges, granted political asylum in Paraguay 18 Jan.

Bolivia

  |  3 Jan 2011

Unchanged

Pro-opposition governor of Tarijadepartment Mario Cossío removed by govt-controlled regional assembly 16 Dec oncorruption charges, replaced by govt loyalist; opposition claimed chargespolitically motivated. Cossío fled to Paraguay, govt considering internationalarrest warrant. La Paz attorney 20 Dec charged 39 in context of alleged 2009plot to assassinate President Morales. Morales 31 Dec cancelled 82% price hikeon petrol that had provoked large-scale union-led protests across country from26 Dec.

“Temen que Suárez y Costassean los próximos en caer”, ElDiario, 17 Dec. 2010.

Bolivia

  |  1 Dec 2010

Unchanged

UN HCHR Navi Pillay 16 Nov commended controversial new anti-racism law as “landmark development”, cautioned against possible violations of press freedom. U.S. Sec Defence Gates 21 Nov warned of unclear Iranian motives for possible nuclear deal with Bolivia; President Morales accused U.S. of interventionism.

Bolivia

  |  1 Nov 2010

Unchanged

Senate 8 Oct adopted anti-racism law amid continued demonstrations by media workers against 2 controversial provisions said to violate freedom of press. International media watchdogs expressed serious concerns, several MPs 20 Oct denounced “unconstitutional” articles; UN Bolivia representative 10 Oct called on govt, journalists to find peaceful solution. Morales and Iranian President Ahmadinejad 26 Oct signed agreement to strengthen political and economic cooperation. 4 former election officials in Pando dept 25 Oct arrested for organising 2008 autonomy referendum, declared illegal by govt.

Bolivia

  |  1 Oct 2010

Unchanged

President Morales 20 Sept announced intention to stand for re-election in 2014 arguing he had only served only 1 term under new constitution, drawing criticism from opposition groups. Morales accused 7 Sept of attempting to “silence opposition” and politicise judiciary, following controversial jail sentence for former president Quiroga for supposed 2009 defamation of majority state-held bank. Reporters’ organisation 14 Sept accused govt of attempting to curb press freedom through new anti-racism law, sparking controversy ahead of senate vote.

Bolivia

  |  1 Sep 2010

Unchanged

Potosí department, traditional stronghold of ruling MAS party, paralysed from early Aug as more than 100,000 demonstrated against govt over protracted border dispute with Oruro department; protests ended 16 Aug after govt conceded to main Potosí civic group’s demands of infrastructure developments, commission to solve border dispute; UNOHCHR 11 Aug said dispute had led to “serious human rights violations”. President Morales 8 Aug announced army to be used in fight against drug trafficking.

Bolivia

  |  1 Aug 2010

Unchanged

Congress 18 July passed new autonomy law, final key piece of legislation necessary for full implementation of new Feb 2010 constitution; opposition criticised law for not recognising 2009 autonomy statutes of eastern departments. Influential indigenous group Cidob 20 July ended protests against law after reaching compromise with govt over land rights, control of natural resources. Santa Cruz governor Rubén Costas (opposition) 6 July accused VP García Linera of receiving money from narcotraffickers; García Linera denied.


 

Bolivia

  |  1 Jul 2010

Unchanged

Congress mid-month passed law giving indigenous communities right to administer own justice systems; opposition protested that law could lead to mob rule, highlighted by series of recent lynchings by indigenous communities, including of 4 police late May in Potosí department. Congress 12 June passed law giving president power to appoint members of departmental courts; opposition said infringes on regional autonomy.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jun 2010

Unchanged

President Morales 25 May enacted law enabling suspension of governors facing criminal charges; protests in eastern opposition-controlled Santa Cruz, Tarija and Beni departments where governors charged. Main union umbrella group COB 10 May launched “indefinite” general strike, demanding higher pay raise than 5% announced by govt; called off strike 12 May after reaching deal with govt, but some sectors continued action. Morales 1 May issued decree nationalising 3 energy suppliers, one partly-owned by French govt.

Bolivia

  |  1 May 2010

Unchanged

President Morales’ MAS party made modest gains in 4 Apr departmental, municipal elections: won 6 of 9 departments, but overall support dropped from Dec 2009 presidential elections. Govt, opposition both made accusations of fraud, but OAS observers said vote free and fair. Interior minister Sacha Llorenti 13 Apr presented evidence linking Santa Cruz right-wing group to Apr 2009 alleged assassination attempt on Morales; opposition rejected evidence as politically motivated.

Bolivia

  |  1 Apr 2010

Unchanged

3 ex-presidents 18 March criticised govt’s attempt to pass new law that would reopen criminal cases against them. U.S. State Dept report 1 March criticised Bolivia for alleged 50% rise in coca growing 2007-2009; govt rejected.

Bolivia

  |  1 Mar 2010

Unchanged

President Morales 18 Feb appointed 18 new temporary judges, including to Supreme and Constitutional Courts, after Congress mid-month approved law allowing President to fill vacant seats; Morales claims needed to end paralysis in judiciary, but opposition, legal experts criticised as unconstitutional. Judges due to stand down after Dec 2010 judiciary elections.

Bolivia

  |  1 Feb 2010

Unchanged

Govt 13 Jan asked U.S. to extradite opposition leader Manfred Reyes Villa or hand him over to Interpol; Peru 5 Jan confirmed Villa had flown to U.S. via Lima to avoid corruption charges he claims are politically motivated. Candidate registration deadline for Apr municipal elections ended 18 Jan; opinion polls indicate President Morales’ MAS party likely to make gains in poll. Govt 14 Jan announced plans to create new intelligence agency directly under president’s control.

Bolivia

  |  4 Jan 2010

Unchanged

President Morales re-elected with 64% of vote in 6 Dec presidential elections. Morales’ MAS party won two thirds majority in both lower house (88 of 130 seats) and Senate (26 of 36 seats) of new National Assembly; made significant gains in opposition-controlled eastern departments, including Chuquisaca and Tarija. Morales 9 Dec said will use mandate to fully implement new constitution. Cochabamba public prosecutor 31 Dec ordered arrest of main opposition candidate Manfred Reyes Villa, accused of corruption during tenure as Cochabamba prefect; Reyes Villa claims charges politically motivated.

Bolivia

  |  1 Dec 2009

Unchanged

President Morales intensified campaigning in opposition-controlled eastern departments ahead of 6 Dec presidential, legislative elections. Govt-controlled lower house 18 Nov approved report on April killing of 3 foreign mercenaries accused of plotting to kill Morales: report accused key Santa Cruz department opposition figures of funding plot; opposition denied, said findings politically motivated.

Bolivia

  |  1 Nov 2009

Unchanged

Public prosecutor mid-month charged ex-Pando governor Leopoldo Fernández with 6 crimes, including terrorism and murder, over role in Sept 2008 “Pando massacre” that killed 20 mostly pro-Morales supporters; Fernández, imprisoned since Oct 2008, is VP running mate for Manfred Reyes Villa, main opposition candidate for Dec presidential elections. Govt early Oct announced it had met coca eradication goal of 5,000ha for 2009.

Bolivia

  |  1 Oct 2009

Unchanged

Ex-Cochabamba prefect Manfred Reyes Villa now main opposition candidate for Dec presidential elections after several other candidates stepped down. Villa 1 Sept named ex-Pando governor Leopoldo Fernández as VP running mate; Fernández still imprisoned, accused of instigating Sept 2008 violent Pando clash that killed 20, mostly pro-Morales supporters. Govt 10 Sept nationalised 3 electricity providers by decree. U.S. State Department report 16 Sept stated Bolivia “failed demonstrably” to reduce cocaine production, said aid will continue.

Bolivia

  |  1 Sep 2009

Unchanged

President Morales 3 Aug passed decree law allowing indigenous communities to vote for autonomy in 6 Dec elections; opposition parties criticised as unconstitutional. Morales accused rightwing opposition of violence after 2 letter bombs exploded in La Paz 12 Aug. Opinion polls indicate Morales likely to win Dec presidential elections; opposition heavily fractured, yet to unite under single candidate.

Bolivia

  |  1 Aug 2009

Unchanged

President Morales 5 July announced govt plans to nationalise electricity supply, railroads. Senate President Oscar Ortíz 13 July launched new Consenso Popular party, aims to unite fragmented opposition for Dec presidential elections; currently 13 opposition candidates running against Morales.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jul 2009

Unchanged

Increased tension ahead of 9 Dec general elections: indigenous pro-govt supporters early-June threatened to prevent opposition candidates from campaigning in La Paz, Potosí departments. UN report 19 June stated Bolivian potential cocaine production grew 9% in 2008, highest among Andean countries.

Bolivia

  |  1 Jun 2009

Unchanged

Govt-opposition relations deteriorated over alleged assassination plot against President Morales and others in Apr: attorney general 5 May claimed senior opposition figures in Santa Cruz department, including prefect Ruben Costas, financed group behind plot; opposition denied, questioned govt evidence. 2 detained late Apr, accused of supplying arms to plotters; 8 May claimed they were tortured to implicate opposition involvement in plot. Morales 20 May passed decree law allowing govt to seize assets of individuals, companies suspected of links to “terrorist, separatist groups”; opposition criticised as against rule of law.

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